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Using Oracle10g Release 2 KFED tools to view ASM DISK structure

Oracle10g内含了一个ASM工具kfed,可以用来查看ASM磁盘的物理结构,不过该工具需要我们自己编译一下才能使用。

编译方法很简单:
[root@danaly ~]# su - oracle
[oracle@danaly ~]$ cd $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/lib
[oracle@danaly lib]$ make -f ins_rdbms.mk ikfed


我们简单看一下便以过程:
[root@danaly ~]# su - oracle
[oracle@danaly ~]$ cd $ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/lib

[oracle@danaly lib]$ make -f ins_rdbms.mk ikfed

Linking KFED utility (kfed)
rm -f /opt/oracle/product/10.2.0/rdbms/lib/kfed
gcc -o /opt/oracle/product/10.2.0/rdbms/lib/kfed ...
mv -f /opt/oracle/product/10.2.0/bin/kfed /opt/oracle/product/10.2.0/bin/kfedO
mv: cannot stat `/opt/oracle/product/10.2.0/bin/kfed': No such file or directory
make: [ikfed] Error 1 (ignored)
mv /opt/oracle/product/10.2.0/rdbms/lib/kfed /opt/oracle/product/10.2.0/bin/kfed
chmod 751 /opt/oracle/product/10.2.0/bin/kfed
[oracle@danaly lib]$ which kfed
~/product/10.2.0/bin/kfed
kfed有很多用途,我们可以用-h参数看一下相关帮助:
[oracle@danaly lib]$ kfed -h
as/mlib         ASM Library [asmlib='lib']
aun/um          AU number to examine or update [AUNUM=number]
aus/z           Allocation Unit size in bytes [AUSZ=number]
blkn/um         Block number to examine or update [BLKNUM=number]
blks/z          Metadata block size in bytes [BLKSZ=number]
ch/ksum         Update checksum before each write [CHKSUM=YES/NO]
cn/t            Count of AUs to process [CNT=number]
d/ev            ASM device to examine or update [DEV=string]
o/p             KFED operation type [OP=READ/WRITE/MERGE/NEW/FORM/FIND/STRUCT]
p/rovnm         Name for provisioning purposes [PROVNM=string]
te/xt           File name for translated block text [TEXT=string]
ty/pe           ASM metadata block type number [TYPE=number]
我们来读取一下ASM磁盘头看一下ASM磁盘的相关信息:
[oracle@danaly /]$ kfed read /dev/oracleasm/disks/VOL1
kfbh.endian:                          1 ; 0x000: 0x01
kfbh.hard:                          130 ; 0x001: 0x82
kfbh.type:                            1 ; 0x002: KFBTYP_DISKHEAD
kfbh.datfmt:                          1 ; 0x003: 0x01
kfbh.block.blk:                       0 ; 0x004: T=0 NUMB=0x0
kfbh.block.obj:              2147483648 ; 0x008: TYPE=0x8 NUMB=0x0
kfbh.check:                   851041336 ; 0x00c: 0x32b9dc38
kfbh.fcn.base:                        0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfbh.fcn.wrap:                        0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare1:                          0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfbh.spare2:                          0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.provstr:     ORCLDISKVOL1 ; 0x000: length=12---磁盘卷名
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[0]:    827084630 ; 0x008: 0x314c4f56
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[1]:            0 ; 0x00c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[2]:            0 ; 0x010: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[3]:            0 ; 0x014: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[4]:            0 ; 0x018: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.driver.reserved[5]:            0 ; 0x01c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.compat:                168820736 ; 0x020: 0x0a100000
kfdhdb.dsknum:                        0 ; 0x024: 0x0000
kfdhdb.grptyp:                        1 ; 0x026: KFDGTP_EXTERNAL--冗余方式
kfdhdb.hdrsts:                        3 ; 0x027: KFDHDR_MEMBER
kfdhdb.dskname:                    VOL1 ; 0x028: length=4
kfdhdb.grpname:                   ORADG ; 0x048: length=5--磁盘组名称
kfdhdb.fgname:                     VOL1 ; 0x068: length=4
kfdhdb.capname:                         ; 0x088: length=0
kfdhdb.crestmp.hi:             32875626 ; 0x0a8: HOUR=0xa DAYS=0x3 MNTH=0x9 YEAR=0x7d6
kfdhdb.crestmp.lo:           3478022144 ; 0x0ac: USEC=0x0 MSEC=0x39a SECS=0x34 MINS=0x33
kfdhdb.mntstmp.hi:             32875626 ; 0x0b0: HOUR=0xa DAYS=0x3 MNTH=0x9 YEAR=0x7d6
kfdhdb.mntstmp.lo:           3544465408 ; 0x0b4: USEC=0x0 MSEC=0x110 SECS=0x34 MINS=0x34
kfdhdb.secsize:                     512 ; 0x0b8: 0x0200
kfdhdb.blksize:                    4096 ; 0x0ba: 0x1000
kfdhdb.ausize:                  1048576 ; 0x0bc: 0x00100000
kfdhdb.mfact:                    113792 ; 0x0c0: 0x0001bc80
kfdhdb.dsksize:                   19077 ; 0x0c4: 0x00004a85
kfdhdb.pmcnt:                         2 ; 0x0c8: 0x00000002
kfdhdb.fstlocn:                       1 ; 0x0cc: 0x00000001
kfdhdb.altlocn:                       2 ; 0x0d0: 0x00000002
kfdhdb.f1b1locn:                      2 ; 0x0d4: 0x00000002
kfdhdb.redomirrors[0]:                0 ; 0x0d8: 0x0000
kfdhdb.redomirrors[1]:                0 ; 0x0da: 0x0000
kfdhdb.redomirrors[2]:                0 ; 0x0dc: 0x0000
kfdhdb.redomirrors[3]:                0 ; 0x0de: 0x0000
kfdhdb.dbcompat:              168820736 ; 0x0e0: 0x0a100000
kfdhdb.grpstmp.hi:             32875626 ; 0x0e4: HOUR=0xa DAYS=0x3 MNTH=0x9 YEAR=0x7d6
kfdhdb.grpstmp.lo:           3477741568 ; 0x0e8: USEC=0x0 MSEC=0x288 SECS=0x34 MINS=0x33
kfdhdb.ub4spare[0]:                   0 ; 0x0ec: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[1]:                   0 ; 0x0f0: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[2]:                   0 ; 0x0f4: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[3]:                   0 ; 0x0f8: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[4]:                   0 ; 0x0fc: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[5]:                   0 ; 0x100: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[6]:                   0 ; 0x104: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[7]:                   0 ; 0x108: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[8]:                   0 ; 0x10c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[9]:                   0 ; 0x110: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[10]:                  0 ; 0x114: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[11]:                  0 ; 0x118: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[12]:                  0 ; 0x11c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[13]:                  0 ; 0x120: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[14]:                  0 ; 0x124: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[15]:                  0 ; 0x128: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[16]:                  0 ; 0x12c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[17]:                  0 ; 0x130: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[18]:                  0 ; 0x134: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[19]:                  0 ; 0x138: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[20]:                  0 ; 0x13c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[21]:                  0 ; 0x140: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[22]:                  0 ; 0x144: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[23]:                  0 ; 0x148: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[24]:                  0 ; 0x14c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[25]:                  0 ; 0x150: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[26]:                  0 ; 0x154: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[27]:                  0 ; 0x158: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[28]:                  0 ; 0x15c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[29]:                  0 ; 0x160: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[30]:                  0 ; 0x164: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[31]:                  0 ; 0x168: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[32]:                  0 ; 0x16c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[33]:                  0 ; 0x170: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[34]:                  0 ; 0x174: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[35]:                  0 ; 0x178: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[36]:                  0 ; 0x17c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[37]:                  0 ; 0x180: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[38]:                  0 ; 0x184: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[39]:                  0 ; 0x188: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[40]:                  0 ; 0x18c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[41]:                  0 ; 0x190: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[42]:                  0 ; 0x194: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[43]:                  0 ; 0x198: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[44]:                  0 ; 0x19c: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[45]:                  0 ; 0x1a0: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[46]:                  0 ; 0x1a4: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[47]:                  0 ; 0x1a8: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[48]:                  0 ; 0x1ac: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[49]:                  0 ; 0x1b0: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[50]:                  0 ; 0x1b4: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[51]:                  0 ; 0x1b8: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[52]:                  0 ; 0x1bc: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[53]:                  0 ; 0x1c0: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[54]:                  0 ; 0x1c4: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[55]:                  0 ; 0x1c8: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[56]:                  0 ; 0x1cc: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.ub4spare[57]:                  0 ; 0x1d0: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.acdb.aba.seq:                  0 ; 0x1d4: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.acdb.aba.blk:                  0 ; 0x1d8: 0x00000000
kfdhdb.acdb.ents:                     0 ; 0x1dc: 0x0000
kfdhdb.acdb.ub2spare:                 0 ; 0x1de: 0x0000

ASM的功能越来越强大和完善了。

历史上的今天...
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By eygle on 2005-09-03 11:48 | Comments (0) | Oracle12c/11g | 417 |


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