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使用Oracle的外部表查询警告日志文件

从Oracle9i开始,Oracle的外部表技术(Oracle External Tables)被极大的增强,通过外部表访问外部数据增强了Oracle数据库和外部数据源进行数据交互的能力,对于数据仓库和ETL来说,这些增强极大的方便了数据访问。

对于DBA来说,最常见一个例子是可以使用外部表来访问警告日志文件或其他跟踪文件.
以下一个例子用来说明外部表的用途。

首先需要创建一个Directory:

[oracle@jumper oracle]$ sqlplus "/ as sysdba"

SQL*Plus: Release 9.2.0.4.0 - Production on Sun Oct 15 21:42:28 2006

Copyright (c) 1982, 2002, Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle9i Enterprise Edition Release 9.2.0.4.0 - Production
With the Partitioning option
JServer Release 9.2.0.4.0 - Production

SQL> create or replace directory bdump
2 as '/opt/oracle/admin/eygle/bdump';

Directory created.

SQL> col DIRECTORY_PATH for a30
SQL> col owner for a10
SQL> select * from dba_directories;

OWNER DIRECTORY_NAME DIRECTORY_PATH
---------- ------------------------------ ------------------------------
SYS BDUMP /opt/oracle/admin/eygle/bdump

然后创建一个外部表:

SQL> create table alert_log ( text varchar2(400) )
2 organization external (
3 type oracle_loader
4 default directory BDUMP
5 access parameters (
6 records delimited by newline
7 nobadfile
8 nodiscardfile
9 nologfile
10 )
11 location('alert_eygle.log')
12 )
13 reject limit unlimited
14 /

Table created.


然后我们就可以通过外部表进行查询警告日志的内容:
SQL> select * from alert_log where rownum < 51;

TEXT
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mon Jun 26 12:00:24 2006
Starting ORACLE instance (normal)
Mon Jun 26 12:00:25 2006
WARNING: EINVAL creating segment of size 0x0000000008c00000
fix shm parameters in /etc/system or equivalent
LICENSE_MAX_SESSION = 0
LICENSE_SESSIONS_WARNING = 0
SCN scheme 2
Using log_archive_dest parameter default value
LICENSE_MAX_USERS = 0
SYS auditing is disabled
Starting up ORACLE RDBMS Version: 9.2.0.4.0.
System parameters with non-default values:
processes = 150
timed_statistics = TRUE
shared_pool_size = 104857600
large_pool_size = 0
java_pool_size = 0
control_files = /opt/oracle/oradata/eygle/control01.ctl
db_block_size = 8192
db_cache_size = 16777216
db_cache_advice = ON
compatible = 9.2.0.0.0
db_file_multiblock_read_count= 16
fast_start_mttr_target = 300
log_checkpoints_to_alert = TRUE
undo_management = AUTO
undo_tablespace = UNDOTBS1
undo_retention = 10800
remote_login_passwordfile= EXCLUSIVE
db_domain =
instance_name = eygle
job_queue_processes = 10
hash_join_enabled = TRUE
background_dump_dest = /opt/oracle/admin/eygle/bdump
user_dump_dest = /opt/oracle/admin/eygle/udump
core_dump_dest = /opt/oracle/admin/eygle/cdump
sort_area_size = 524288
db_name = eygle
open_cursors = 500
star_transformation_enabled= FALSE
query_rewrite_enabled = FALSE
pga_aggregate_target = 52428800
aq_tm_processes = 0
PMON started with pid=2
DBW0 started with pid=3
LGWR started with pid=4
CKPT started with pid=5
SMON started with pid=6
RECO started with pid=7

50 rows selected.

SQL>

如果我们需要查看数据库中曾经出现过的ORA-错误,那么可以执行如下查询:

SQL> select * from alert_log where text like 'ORA-%';

TEXT
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ORA-1652: unable to extend temp segment by 128 in tablespace TEMP
ORA-1113 signalled during: alter database open...
ORA-1113 signalled during: alter database datafile 3 online...
ORA-09968: scumnt: unable to lock file
ORA-1102 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE MOUNT...
ORA-1507 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE CLOSE NORMAL...
ORA-01157: cannot identify/lock data file 3 - see DBWR trace file
ORA-01110: data file 3: '/opt/oracle/oradata/eygle/users01.dbf'
ORA-27037: unable to obtain file status
ORA-01157: cannot identify/lock data file 3 - see DBWR trace file
ORA-01110: data file 3: '/opt/oracle/oradata/eygle/users01.dbf'

TEXT
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ORA-01157: cannot identify/lock data file 4 - see DBWR trace file
ORA-01110: data file 4: '/opt/oracle/oradata/eygle/eygle01.dbf'
ORA-27037: unable to obtain file status
ORA-01157: cannot identify/lock data file 4 - see DBWR trace file
ORA-01110: data file 4: '/opt/oracle/oradata/eygle/eygle01.dbf'
ORA-1109 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE CLOSE NORMAL...
ORA-01157: cannot identify/lock data file 4 - see DBWR trace file
ORA-01110: data file 4: '/opt/oracle/oradata/eygle/eygle01.dbf'
ORA-27037: unable to obtain file status
ORA-01157: cannot identify/lock data file 4 - see DBWR trace file
ORA-01110: data file 4: '/opt/oracle/oradata/eygle/eygle01.dbf'

TEXT
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ORA-1109 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE CLOSE NORMAL...
ORA-1113 signalled during: alter database open...
ORA-01157: cannot identify/lock data file 4 - see DBWR trace file
ORA-01110: data file 4: '/opt/oracle/oradata/eygle/eygle01.dbf'
ORA-27037: unable to obtain file status
ORA-01157: cannot identify/lock data file 4 - see DBWR trace file
ORA-01110: data file 4: '/opt/oracle/oradata/eygle/eygle01.dbf'
ORA-1113 signalled during: alter database open...
ORA-1122 signalled during: alter database open...
ORA-283 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER database ...
ORA-1122 signalled during: alter database open...

TEXT
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ORA-1109 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE CLOSE NORMAL...
ORA-1113 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN...
ORA-1109 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE CLOSE NORMAL...
ORA-1122 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN...
ORA-1503 signalled during: CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE DATABASE "EYGLE" NORESETL...
ORA-1109 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE CLOSE NORMAL...
ORA-1991 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE MOUNT...
ORA-01110: data file 4: '/opt/oracle/oradata/eygle/eygle01.dbf'
ORA-01115: IO error reading block from file 4 (block # 1)
ORA-27069: skgfdisp: attempt to do I/O beyond the range of the file
ORA-01122: database file 1 failed verification check

TEXT
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ORA-01110: data file 1: '/opt/oracle/oradata/eygle/system01.dbf'
ORA-01207: file is more recent than controlfile - old controlfile
ORA-1122 signalled during: alter database open...
ORA-283 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER database using backup cont...
ORA-01110: data file 4: '/opt/oracle/oradata/eygle/eygle01.dbf'
ORA-01115: IO error reading block from file 4 (block # 1)
ORA-27069: skgfdisp: attempt to do I/O beyond the range of the file
ORA-01194: file 1 needs more recovery to be consistent
ORA-01110: data file 1: '/opt/oracle/oradata/eygle/system01.dbf'
ORA-1194 signalled during: alter database open resetlogs...
ORA-283 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER datafile 1 ...

TEXT
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ORA-283 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER database using backup cont...
ORA-01110: data file 4: '/opt/oracle/oradata/eygle/eygle01.dbf'
ORA-01115: IO error reading block from file 4 (block # 1)
ORA-27069: skgfdisp: attempt to do I/O beyond the range of the file
ORA-01194: file 1 needs more recovery to be consistent
ORA-01110: data file 1: '/opt/oracle/oradata/eygle/system01.dbf'
ORA-1194 signalled during: alter database open resetlogs...
ORA-283 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER datafile 1 ...
ORA-1109 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE CLOSE NORMAL...
ORA-1589 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN...
ORA-01110: data file 4: '/opt/oracle/oradata/eygle/eygle01.dbf'

TEXT
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ORA-01115: IO error reading block from file 4 (block # 1)
ORA-27069: skgfdisp: attempt to do I/O beyond the range of the file
ORA-01194: file 1 needs more recovery to be consistent
ORA-01110: data file 1: '/opt/oracle/oradata/eygle/system01.dbf'
ORA-1194 signalled during: alter database open resetlogs...
ORA-1109 signalled during: alter database close...
ORA-1503 signalled during: CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE DATABASE "EYGLE" NORESETL...
ORA-1507 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE CLOSE NORMAL...
ORA-1113 signalled during: alter database open...
ORA-00202: controlfile: '/opt/oracle/oradata/eygle/control01.ctl'
ORA-27037: unable to obtain file status

TEXT
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ORA-205 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE MOUNT...
ORA-1507 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE CLOSE NORMAL...
ORA-01501: CREATE DATABASE failed
ORA-01526: error in opening file '?/rdbms/admin/sql.bsq'
ORA-07391: sftopn: fopen error
ORA-01526: error in opening file ''
ORA-1092 signalled during: CREATE DATABASE eygle
ORA-1079 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE MOUNT...
ORA-1507 signalled during: alter database open...
ORA-214 signalled during: alter database mount...
ORA-1507 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE CLOSE NORMAL...

TEXT
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ORA-214 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE MOUNT...
ORA-214 signalled during: alter database mount...
ORA-1113 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN...
ORA-01157: cannot identify/lock data file 3 - see DBWR trace file
ORA-01110: data file 3: '/opt/oracle/oradata/eygle/eygle02.dbf'
ORA-27037: unable to obtain file status
ORA-1113 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE OPEN...
ORA-01157: cannot identify/lock data file 3 - see DBWR trace file
ORA-01110: data file 3: '/opt/oracle/oradata/eygle/eygle02.dbf'
ORA-27037: unable to obtain file status
ORA-1113 signalled during: alter database open...

TEXT
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ORA-01157: cannot identify/lock data file 3 - see DBWR trace file
ORA-01110: data file 3: '/opt/oracle/oradata/eygle/eygle02.dbf'
ORA-27037: unable to obtain file status
ORA-283 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER database ...
ORA-1109 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE CLOSE NORMAL...
ORA-1100 signalled during: alter database mount...
ORA-1178 signalled during: alter database create datafile '/opt/oracle/produc...
ORA-1516 signalled during: alter database create datafile '/opt/oracle/oradat...
ORA-1991 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE MOUNT...
ORA-01157: cannot identify/lock data file 3 - see DBWR trace file
ORA-01110: data file 3: '/opt/oracle/oradata/eygle/eygle02.dbf'

TEXT
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ORA-27037: unable to obtain file status
ORA-283 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER database ...
ORA-01157: cannot identify/lock data file 3 - see DBWR trace file
ORA-01110: data file 3: '/opt/oracle/oradata/eygle/eygle02.dbf'
ORA-27037: unable to obtain file status
ORA-283 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER database using backup cont...
ORA-1109 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE CLOSE NORMAL...
ORA-1991 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE MOUNT...
ORA-01157: cannot identify/lock data file 3 - see DBWR trace file
ORA-01110: data file 3: '/opt/oracle/oradata/eygle/users01.dbf'
ORA-27037: unable to obtain file status

TEXT
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ORA-283 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER database ...
ORA-01157: cannot identify/lock data file 3 - see DBWR trace file
ORA-01110: data file 3: '/opt/oracle/oradata/eygle/users01.dbf'
ORA-27037: unable to obtain file status
ORA-283 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER database using backup cont...
ORA-01157: cannot identify/lock data file 3 - see DBWR trace file
ORA-01110: data file 3: '/opt/oracle/oradata/eygle/users01.dbf'
ORA-27037: unable to obtain file status
ORA-283 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER database using backup cont...
ORA-279 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER database using backup cont...
ORA-308 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER CONTINUE DEFAULT ...

TEXT
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ORA-308 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER CONTINUE DEFAULT ...
ORA-1547 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE RECOVER CANCEL ...
ORA-1589 signalled during: alter database open...
ORA-1109 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE CLOSE NORMAL...
ORA-1503 signalled during: CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE DATABASE "EYGLE" NORESETL...
ORA-1178 signalled during: alter database create datafile '/opt/oracle/produc...
ORA-1991 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE MOUNT...
ORA-01157: cannot identify/lock data file 3 - see DBWR trace file
ORA-01110: data file 3: '/opt/oracle/oradata/eygle/eygle02.dbf'
ORA-27037: unable to obtain file status
ORA-1157 signalled during: alter database open...

TEXT
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ORA-1113 signalled during: alter database open...
ORA-1991 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE MOUNT...
ORA-1109 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE CLOSE NORMAL...
ORA-1031 signalled during: alter database open...
ORA-3217 signalled during: ALTER TABLESPACE TEMP DEFAULT STORAGE (INITIAL 10M...
ORA-1507 signalled during: alter database close...
ORA-1507 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE CLOSE NORMAL...
ORA-1507 signalled during: alter database close normal...
ORA-1507 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE CLOSE NORMAL...
ORA-1106 signalled during: alter database dismount...
ORA-1531 signalled during: alter database open...

TEXT
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ORA-1531 signalled during: alter database open...
ORA-1531 signalled during: alter database open...
ORA-1531 signalled during: alter database open...
ORA-1531 signalled during: alter database open...
ORA-1109 signalled during: alter database close...
ORA-1507 signalled during: alter database close...
ORA-1507 signalled during: ALTER DATABASE CLOSE NORMAL...
ORA-1185 signalled during: alter database add logfile group 6
ORA-350 signalled during: alter database drop logfile group 3...

163 rows selected.

SQL>

-The End-


历史上的今天...
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           关于PUSH_SUBQ提示的说明
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无觅

By eygle on 2006-10-15 23:14 | Comments (7) | SQL.PLSQL | 933 |

7 Comments

不懂呀~

很受用的:)
Julia要多挖挖宝了,卡卡^_^

很受用的:)
Julia要多挖挖宝了,卡卡^_^

我以前也写过一个类似这样的角本,
有两个功能:一是像你这样的,以便在数据库里面可以查询alert日志;二是将错误信息,包括每条错误信息出错的时间提取出来,放到另外一张表格里面,然后以短信的方式通知dba。

我们也有这样一个短信系统,是通过外部处理还获取信息的。

因为放在数据库内部可能在数据库挂起或Down掉就无法通过数据库提取信息了。

如果是rac,那么该如何使用外部表?

不过是多个实例而已,没什么区别。

不同之处就是连接到不同的实例,访问到的是不同的文件。


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